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记录种族灭绝幸存者的故事

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难度

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时文类型

自然

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高中一年级

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Researchers are recording the stories of survivors of the Guatemalan (危地马拉)civil war and genocide(种族灭绝).

Fighting in Guatemala started in the 1960s and lasted more than 30 years. Tens of thousands of native Mayans(玛雅人) were killed. The video collection will save the memories and descriptions of survivors. It is hoped that this will help prevent future genocides.

As a child, Jesus Tacu lived through tragedies most people hope they will never experience. The day his father was killed was just like any day, he says. "The dogs ran out to meet him. ... But that day, my father did not return."

Jesus Tacu is one of many survivors whose statements are being recorded on video to document their experiences. 

Sandra Gruner-Domic works with the USC Shoah foundation.She says, "The soldiers came in and separated the villages in groups and made one group kill the other. The children, they had to see everything. Many of the survivors we have interviewed were kids at the time, and they described the pain of seeing their families, their mothers raped (强奸)or their sisters killed."

About 200,000 people were killed during Guatemala's 36-year civil war, she adds. Most were Mayans, whose ancestors had lived in the area for centuries. The killings took place mainly in the early 1980s.

Sandra Gruner-Domic says the killings were carried out because the Guatemalan military was fighting different rebel groups. Many Mayans wanted to drive out the country's rulers. At the time, the United States and Soviet Union were competing for control of many areas.

The group has already collected 30 audio-visual(视听的) statements from genocide survivors. It hopes to tape 100 by the end of the year. 


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