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英语基础差底子薄怎么快速学好英语?高考英语书面表达真题分类汇编与考势分析

文章发布:奇速英语 发布时间:Nov 27, 2021 10:10:16 AM      访问量:193

一、考纲解读

二、备考建议

1.积累基本词汇和句式,尤其是简单基本句式,写好简单句。

2.背诵课文段落和范文,学会模仿一些高级句式和表达。

3.增强审题训练。

4.坚持一周一篇或两篇应用文写作。

5.练习书写,达到整洁美观的程度。

三、全国卷四年真题汇编

1 .假定你是李华,暑假在伦敦学习,得知当地美术馆要举办中国画展览。请写一封信申请做志愿者,内容包括:1. 写信目的;2. 个人优势;3. 能做的事情。注意:1. 词数100左右;2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3. 结束语已为你写好。______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【答案】

Dear Sir or Madam,

I’m writing to apply to be a volunteer for the Chinese Painting Exhibition which will be held in your art gallery. I think I am qualified for this job, because I have learned Chinese painting since childhood. Besides, I am fluent in both Chinese and English, which is beneficial for introducing Chinese paintings. If I am lucky enough to be chosen as a volunteer, I can show visitors around the gallery and get them to know more about Chinese painting.

I would be very grateful if you could offer me the opportunity. I’m looking forward to your reply.

Yours,

Li Hua

【解析】

本篇书面表达要求写一封申请信,属于书信应用文。1.审题立意本篇书面表达属于应用文。要求考生写申请信,人称使用第一人称和第二人称,时态用一般现在时。2.谋篇布局书信格式,称呼和落款文中已经给出。首段,写信的目的,中间段写个人优势和能做的事,最后一段总结。3. 关键词和句子根据写作要点及构思好的提纲我们可以初步确定文章可能使用到的词汇和句子有:volunteer,a Chinese Painting Exhibition,advantages,I am good at…,I can help with.../I’ll devote myself to…。通过词汇铺垫,我们就很容易地行文了,文章写完之后要检查文中是否存在拼写或语法错误,并增加一些细节和过渡性的词汇,如First of all,Besides,to begin with,moreover,as for me,Last but not least等,使全文衔接自然,语义流畅。

【点睛】

本文开门见山,表达了写信的目的;之后详细介绍了个人的优势和能做的事情,详略得当,内容完整,同时使用了高级词汇和高级句子。高级词汇:be qualified for,be fluent in,be beneficial for等;高级句式:because I have learned Chinese painting since childhood此处使用了原因状语从句。which is beneficial for introducing Chinese paintings.使用了非限制性定语从句。If I am lucky enough to be chosen as a volunteer, I can show visitors around the gallery and get them to know more about Chinese painting.使用了条件状语从句。

2 .你校正在组织英语作文比赛。请以身边值得尊敬和爱戴的人为题,写一篇短文参赛,内容包括:1. 人物简介;2. 尊敬和爱戴的原因。注意:1. 词数100左右;2. 短文题目和首句已为你写好。______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【答案】

The person I respect

We have a lot of respectable people around us. They may be our teachers, parents or one of our elders. As for me, my father is the person I respect most. My father is a teacher who loves his work and his students very much. He works very hard every day but he will also spare some time to accompany me and share many funny things with me about his work.

When I come across the problems of learning in my study, my father will listen to me patiently and encourage me to overcome the difficulties bravely. He achieved a lot in his work, respected by his students. So, in my mind my father is the person I respect most and I love him deeply.

【解析】

本篇书面表达属于应用文。要求学生以身边值得尊敬和爱戴的人为题,写一篇短文参赛。

第一步:审题体裁:应用文。时态:根据提示,时态应为一般现在时。结构:总分法。要求:1.人物简介:2.尊敬和爱戴的原因。

第二步:列提纲(重点短语)As for me;spare some time;listen to me patiently;

第三步:连词成句1.As for me, my father is the person I respect mostly.2.He works very hard every day but he will also spare some time to accompany me and share many funny things with me about his work.3.My father will listen to me patiently and encourage me to overcome the difficulties bravely.根据提示及关键词(组)进行遣词造句,注意主谓一致和时态问题。

第四步:连句成篇1.表示文章结构顺序:介绍人物;阐述原因2.表示并列补充关系:As for; and; but; So

第五步:润色修改

【点睛】

范文内容完整,要点全面,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当,上下文意思连贯。复合逻辑关系。作者在范文中使用了较多的高端句式,如定语从句:My father is a teacher who loves his work and his students very much;非谓语动词:He achieved a lot in his work, respected by his students;时间状语从句:When I come across the problem of learning in my study, my father will listen to me patiently and encourage me to overcome the difficulties bravely…等。文章思路清晰,层次分明,上下句转换自然。为文章增色添彩。

3 .上周末,你和同学参加了一次采摘活动。请你为班级英语角写一篇短文,介绍这次活动,内容包括:1. 农场情况;2. 采摘过程;3. 个人感受注意:1. 词数100左右;2. 题目已为你写好。

题目:My Weekend

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【答案】

My Weekend

Organized by the student union, a group of volunteers went to Hope Farm to help the farmers pick peaches last weekend. The farm is situated at the foot of a mountain, the sky is blue and the air is fresh. We were attracted by the beautiful scenery. There are different kinds of fruit trees as well as a variety of animals.

On arriving, we saw red ripe peaches hanging on the tree. Using baskets and ladders, We first picked the ones that were most beautiful in color, then those that were ripe and soft. I couldn’t wait to take a bite, and the sweet juice went down my throat.

I was grateful for this opportunity to get close to nature. Not only would I be able to experience fruit picking, but I could also feast on the sweetness!

【解析】

【详解】

第一步:根据提示可知,上周末,你和同学参加了一次采摘活动。请你为班级英语角写一篇短文,介绍这次活动。内容包括: 1. 农场情况;2. 采摘过程;3. 个人感受。

第二步:根据写作要求确定关键词(组),如:pick peaches, is situated, beautiful scenery, fruit trees ,a variety of animals, Using baskets and ladders, take a bite, be grateful for, get close to nature, feast on the sweetness.

第三步:根据提示和关键词(组)进行遣词造句,注意主谓一致和时态问题。本文用一般现在时和一般过去时。第四步:连句成文,注意使用恰当的连词进行句子之间的衔接和过渡,书写一定要规范清晰,保持整洁美观的卷面是非常重要的。

【点睛】

范文内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。作者在范文中使用了较多高级表达方式,如Organized by the student union, a group of volunteers went to Hope Farm to help the farmers pick peaches last weekend. 和Using baskets and ladders运用了非谓语动词;We first picked the ones that were most beautiful in color, then those that were ripe and soft. 运用了定语从句;Not only would I be able to experience fruit picking, but I could also feast on the sweetness!运用了连词not only…but…和倒装句。全文中没有中国式英语的句式,显示了很高的驾驭英语的能力。另外,文章思路清晰,层次分明,上下句转换自然,为文章增色添彩。

4 .假定你是李华,你和同学根据英语课文改编了一个短剧。给外教Miss Evans写封邮件,请她帮忙指导。邮件内容包括:1. 剧情简介;2. 指导内容;3. 商定时间地点。注意:1. 词数100左右;2. 结束语已为你写好。__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【答案】

Dear Miss Evans,

How is everything going! I am writing in sincerity to ask you a favor regarding a play we adapted according to the textbook.

We’d like to combine your culture with ours by adapting the classic novel The Steamboat for a short English play. The play is set on a big storm after midnight, on the raft down the river navigation, we see a steamboat that is going to sink. We saved a scared boy. However, the adaption is quite a challenge. Having written the English script, we don’t want anything inappropriate to spoil the play. So would you please spare some time to review the draft script attached to this email and make necessary changes? If it is convenient, may I pay you a visit at your office next Tuesday to give you more details?

Given your busy schedule, I’d be very appreciative if you offer to give some professional advice. Look forward to your early reply. Best regards!

Yours truly,

Li Hua

【解析】

本篇书面表达属于应用文,要求考生写一封邮件,请求外教 Miss Evans对于《the Steamboat》改编短剧的支持。

温馨提示:版权归原作者所有,推广的内容如有侵权,请您告知我们会在第一时间处理或撤销;互联网是一个资源共享的生态圈,我们崇尚分享。

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